Aesthetic surgery is one of the most common surgeries performed in the world today. Board-certified plastic surgeons like Dr. Christopher Kovanda provide many types of surgical procedures, including breast augmentation and post-mastectomy breast reconstruction. These and other complex operations often require the use of anesthesia to ensure that patients remain safe throughout the procedure. Anesthesia can be categorized into three major categories: general, regional, and local. Here we will explore the three types of anesthesia used in plastic surgery.
1. General Anesthesia
General anesthesia involves the use of either intravenous or inhaled drugs that induce a state of deep sleep. During procedures that use general anesthetics, if patients are intubated, they will be placed on assisted breathing machines that regulate oxygen intake and airflow throughout the body. The patient is not aware or able to feel any physical sensations during this type of anesthesia.
In some cases, anesthesiologists may administer slow-release pain medicine during or after surgery to the specific treatment area. Patients who undergo general anesthesia will require a person to drive them home and manage their post-operative needs for up to 24 hours.
2. Regional Anesthesia
Regional anesthesia is the second most common form of anesthesia used in plastic surgery procedures. The anesthesia can be categorized as either peripheral nerve blocks or epidural catheters. Both types of regional anesthetics provide effective pain relief throughout specific body regions without causing unconsciousness (unlike general anesthesia).
With regional anesthesia, patients will require someone to drive them home and not drink alcohol or go back to work until they have fully recovered and no longer require the anesthesia to perform normal functions. Patients may also notice that their incision site is slightly sore or itchy in the days following surgery; this typically indicates proper healing after plastic surgery procedures in Minneapolis.
3. Local Anesthesia
Local anesthesia is most often given in conjunction with regional anesthesia for procedures involving incisions on larger areas of the body. For example, a patient undergoing elective liposuction would most likely receive both local and regional anesthesia to ensure that all pain is managed during their procedure. A local anesthetic’s effects typically last less than two hours after injection, making it ideal for quick surgeries that do not require extensive preoperative preparation time.
Personalized Cosmetic Procedures in Minneapolis
Anesthesia can be an unsettling idea for some patients, making it important to understand the different types of anesthesia available and the experience you should expect with each type. By understanding the different types of anesthesia, we hope you feel more confident in your decision to move forward with surgery and know what to expect during and after your procedure.
If you are considering plastic surgery, the first step is always a consultation with Dr. Kovanda, a qualified and experienced plastic surgeon who can tell you more about the different types of anesthesia available to you. He will also help you make an informed decision about your specific surgical plan. Start the conversation with us today by calling our office or contacting us online if you have any queries regarding any plastic surgery procedure in Minneapolis.